The 'Celestial Calendar is a sidereal leap-week calendar created by Silicon Prophet and used in the Gaiad https://blog.order.life/2020/04/05/the-gaiad-chapter-1-quantum-romance/. It is primarily electronic and can be found on Github.
The new year is defined based on the Earth crossing between Sagittarius A* (called Chiron in the Gaiad) and the sun
Months and Weeks
The Celestial calendar uses 13 months based on the 13 sign zodiac (12 classical signs plus Ophiuchus)
Each month has 28 days for four weeks a month. 4 * 13 = 52 weeks per year or 364 days per year.
The 1st of a month is always a Monday, all days of the year thus have fixed weekdays. This helps with scheduling holidays and business.
Friday the 13th as a day never happens.
Sunday is the seventh day so Sabbath can be performed on the seventh day indisputably
Time of the New Year
The Celestial Year starts with Sagittarius rather than Capricorn because of the precession of the equinoxes. Milankovich cycles cause the Earth's axis to wobble over thousands of years. December 21st was around the beginning of Capricorn in Ancient Greek times. Now, however Capricorn only reaches the same location in the sky around January 18th. The Age of Aquarius is the current time period now when the stars are shifted one month away from the time of the Ancient Greeks
We decided that the stars are more important than the seasons to an industrialized society, we want people to look up to mankind's future in the stars rather than look at agricultural practices. The Celestial calendar will deviate from seasons in a 26,000 year cycle. In about 6,000 years the year will begin in March rather than December. As in that time the majority of people will not live on Earth, it doesn't matter that the seasons don't match the calendar anymore.
Around every 150,000 years the Celestial Calendar gains 1 day of error relative to the Earth's movement through space. This isn't a major problem because chaotic behavior in the Earth's orbit makes it difficult to make predictions that far into the future anyways. Additionally even Earth's location relative to stars is unlikely to matter much then, since by the time we gain a day in error we will have colonized the entire milky way
Every sixth year has a leap week. The leap week is represented in the special month of Chiron and comes between Ophiuchus and Sagittarius.
Every 78th year there is an additional leap week (making a 2-week Chiron). This makes the mean year equal 7*(52 + 1/6 + 1/78) = 365.25641... days, which is quite a good approximation to the sidereal year.
The Date Object is coded based around a rough estimate of milliseconds since the Big Bang. There are two ways of representing years in the Celestial Calendar: Long Dates and Short Dates
Short dates have a 1 put before the year. So 2020 becomes 12020 as in the Holocene Calendar. Year zero from this point is roughly when Gobekli Tepe was built and Agriculture began. The story of Manu is present in the Gaiad starting from this point. As Manu was born on midnight of Sagittarius 1st Year 1, it means that his mother was pregnant in year zero. This year can be called the 12020th year of Manu.
Long Years have 14 billion years added to the short calendar. This is an estimate of time from the big bang rounded to the nearest billion. 13.8 billion is the proper amount, but adding that significantly increases memory difficulties
Time Zones are based around Star System, Planet, and Location on a planet. Time Zones also support movement of ships through space, including acceleration and direction relative to Earth
Space Features (in progress)
Martian Days are hard coded into the calendar system. Martian Days are roughly 24:30 in length, so the time counts to that point before rolling over to the next day. Mars loses 30 min per day relative to Earth, so time zone conversions are more complex. Every few weeks a weekday will be skipped to keep the days in sync with Earth.
On planets with a longer day the reverse will happen and extra intercalary days will be added instead.
Lunar Cycle support for all major moons in the solar system. The date in other star systems is based around the time transmissions from Earth will reach them. Thus Alpha Centauri is 4 years in the past relative to Earth. Time adjustment to take into account relativistic time dilation in space travel, alongside increasing distance from Earth.
- Margin of error support
- Leap Second Support
- Historical Time Zone support