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File:ROC calendar.jpg

The Republic of China calendar is the method of numbering years currently used in the Republic of China (Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu). It was used in mainland China from 1912 until the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949.

Following the Imperial tradition of using the sovereign's era name and year of reign, official ROC documents use the Republic (民國 míngúo=The Country of the People) system of numbering years in which the first year (民國元年) was 1912, the year of the founding of the Republic of China. For example, 2007 is the "96th year of the Republic" (民國九十六年, 民國96年, or simply 96). As Chinese era names are traditionally two characters long, 民國 (Republic) is employed as an abbreviation of 中華民國 (Republic of China).

To find out the ROC year equivalent to any C.E. year, subtract the C.E. year by 1911 (the year of the revolution which led to the formation of the ROC). For example: 2007 C.E. - 1911 = 96th year of the Republic.

Months and days are numbered according to the Gregorian calendar. Based on Chinese National Standard CNS 7648: Data Elements and Interchange Formats -- Information Interchange -- Representation of Dates and Times, (similar to ISO 8601), year numbering may use the A.D. system as well as the ROC era. For example, May 3, 2004 may be written 2004-05-03 or R.O.C.93-05-03.

The ROC era numbering happens to be the same as the numbering used by North Korea (Juche calendar) because its founder, Kim Il-sung, was born in 1912. The years in Japan's Taishō period (July 30, 1912 to December 25, 1926) are also coincident with the ROC era.

The use of the ROC era system extends beyond official documents. When used to mark expiration dates on products for export, they can be misunderstood as having an expiration date 11 years earlier than intended. Misinterpretation is more likely in the cases when the prefix (R.O.C. or 民國) is omitted.

Comparison chartEdit

ROC era12345678910
ROC era11121314151617181920
CE 1922192319241925192619271928192919301931
ROC era21222324252627282930
CE 1932193319341935193619371938193919401941
ROC era31323334353637383940
CE 1942194319441945194619471948194919501951
ROC era41424344454647484950
CE 1952195319541955195619571958195919601961
ROC era51525354555657585960
CE 1962196319641965196619671968196919701971
ROC era61626364656667686970
CE 1972197319741975197619771978197919801981
ROC era71727374757677787980
CE 1982198319841985198619871988198919901991
ROC era81828384858687888990
CE 1992199319941995199619971998199920002001
ROC era919293949596979899100
CE 2002200320042005200620072008200920102011
ROC era 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110
CE 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021

See alsoEdit

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